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PM Modi rebuilds and inaugurate Ancient Nalanda University

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has officially inaugurated the new campus of Nalanda University in Rajgir, Bihar, marking a significant milestone in the revival of one of the world's most ancient centers of learning. The event is part of a larger endeavor to restore the university's historical stature as a premier global institution of knowledge.

Historical Significance and Modern Revival

Nalanda University, established in the 5th century AD, was an iconic center of learning in ancient India, attracting scholars from all over the world. Its influence spanned various fields including theology, philosophy, astronomy, and mathematics. The university was a symbol of India's rich academic heritage until its destruction in the 12th century by Bakhtiyar Khilji, which left it in ruins for centuries.

The modern revival of Nalanda University began with a visionary project aimed at reinstating its past glory. The initiative was officially launched on September 1, 2014, when Prime Minister Modi unveiled the ambitious project to reconstruct the university. This project included the establishment of a temporary campus at the International Convention Centre in Rajgir, about 10 kilometers from the original site.

Development of the New Campus

The new Nalanda University campus, spanning 455 acres, is a blend of modern architecture and sustainable design. The construction of the campus began in 2017, with a focus on creating an eco-friendly and energy-efficient environment. The campus features state-of-the-art facilities, including administrative and academic buildings, residential quarters, and extensive water bodies covering around 100 acres. These water bodies are part of a sophisticated water management system designed to maintain the campus's ecological balance​.

The design of the campus pays homage to its historical roots while incorporating modern technology to enhance the learning environment. The buildings are constructed to withstand the regional climate, ensuring warmth in winter and coolness in summer. The campus also includes a library, research centers, and various other facilities aimed at fostering academic excellence.

Academic Growth and Programs

Since its re-establishment in 2014, Nalanda University has seen substantial growth. Initially, it began with two schools and only 12 students. Today, the university boasts six schools offering a wide range of programs. One of its notable offerings is the Global Master’s Program in Hindu Studies, a unique two-year residential course that has attracted students from countries such as the United States, Vietnam, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh​.

The university's curriculum is designed to integrate traditional Indian knowledge systems with contemporary academic disciplines. This approach not only preserves the cultural heritage of Nalanda but also makes it relevant to the modern world. The introduction of new courses and the expansion of academic programs reflect the university's commitment to providing a holistic education that meets global standards.

Global and National Recognition

The inauguration of the new campus has drawn attention from both national and international dignitaries. Over the years, Nalanda University has been visited by several prominent figures, including former Indian Presidents APJ Abdul Kalam and Pranab Mukherjee, as well as the current President Ram Nath Kovind. These visits underscore the importance of the university as a symbol of India's rich intellectual heritage and its role in contemporary education.

The global significance of Nalanda University is further highlighted by its collaborations with various international institutions. These partnerships aim to promote cross-cultural academic exchanges and research collaborations, positioning Nalanda as a global hub of learning and innovation.

Sustainable Development and Future Prospects

The new Nalanda University campus is designed to be a "Net-Zero" sustainable campus, meaning it produces as much energy as it consumes. This is achieved through the use of renewable energy sources, energy-efficient buildings, and advanced water management systems. The campus's sustainable design reflects the university's commitment to environmental stewardship and its role in promoting sustainable development practices.

Looking ahead, Nalanda University aims to continue its legacy of academic excellence and cultural exchange. The new campus is expected to attract scholars from around the world, fostering a vibrant academic community that embodies the spirit of global cooperation and mutual learning. The university's focus on interdisciplinary research and innovative teaching methods will further enhance its reputation as a leading institution of higher learning.



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